网站地图 | 联系我们 | 管理系统 | 登录邮箱 | 内网办公 | English | 中国科学院    
首页 所况介绍 机构设置 科研成果 研究队伍 合作交流 研究生教育 党群园地 科学传播
 
 
 当前位置:首页 >>> 论文库

Introducing Chicken Farming into Traditional Ruminant-Grazing Dominated Production Systems for Promoting Ecological Restoration of Degraded Rangeland in Northern China

作 者:Su H, Liu W, Xu H, Yang JC, Su BY, Zhang XJ, Wang RX, Li YG*
影响因子: 9.787
刊物名称: Land Degradation and Development
出版年份: 2018
卷: 29  期: 2   页码: 240–249

文章摘要 : 

Free-range chicken farming (CF) has been demonstrated to be effective in controlling locust plagues and restoring degraded vegetation in rangelands. However, the effects of CF on vegetation growth and soil conditions of rangeland ecosystems are not yet well known. We studied the effects of CF (treated by three stocking rates from low-intensity to high-intensity), livestock grazing (LG) and zero grazing (ZG) on vegetation characteristics and soil nutrient conditions in a degraded rangeland of northern China. CF significantly improved vegetation growth and soil quality compared with LG. The moderate CF2 with 333 birds per hectare enhanced the aboveground net primary production to 204·0 g m−2 yr−1and vegetation cover to 88·8%, which is significantly higher than LG by 80·7% and 62·9%, respectively. Moreover, CF2 neutralized the pH value and raised soil organic matter, total N content, available N content and available P content to approximately 7·59 g kg−1, 0·34 g kg−1, 83·52 mg kg−1 and 3·4 mg kg−1, respectively. Compared with ZG, the positive impacts of CF on rangelands depended on the stocking rate, and better performance was achieved when lower stocking rates were used. We also analysed the economic benefits of CF through a cost–benefit analysis. A local family could obtain a net present value of at least $252·19 per hectare by engaging in CF, which was two-fold higher than LG. Finally, we proposed a novel land-use model that introduces CF into traditional LGdominated system and can be widely applied to promote socio-ecological sustainable development in degraded rangelands. 

 


| 本站导航 | 园区风光| 联系我们 |
版权所有:中国科学院植物研究所 地址:北京市海淀区香山南辛村20号 邮编:100093 电话:010-62590835
网站备案号:京ICP备05002828号       文保网安备案号:1101080078