SDC mediates DNA methylation-controlled clock pace by interacting with ZTL in Arabidopsis

作  者:Tian WW, Wang RY, Bo CP, Yu YJ, Zhang YY, Shin GI, Kim WY, Wang L*
刊物名称:Nucleic Acids Research
卷:49  期:7  页码:3764-3780


Molecular bases of eukaryotic circadian clocks mainly rely on transcriptional-translational feedback loops (TTFLs), while epigenetic codes also play critical roles in fine-tuning circadian rhythms. However, unlike histone modification codes that play extensive and well-known roles in the regulation of circadian clocks, whether DNA methylation (5mC) can affect the circadian clock, and the associated underlying molecular mechanisms, remains largely unexplored in many organisms. Here we demonstrate that global genome DNA hypomethylation can significantly lengthen the circadian period of Arabidopsis. Transcriptomic and genetic evidence demonstrate that SUPPRESSOR OF drm1 drm2 cmt3 (SDC), encoding an F-box containing protein, is required for the DNA hypomethylation-tuned circadian clock. Moreover, SDC can physically interact with another F-box containing protein ZEITLUPE (ZTL) to diminish its accumulation. Genetic analysis further revealed that ZTL and its substrate TIMING OF CAB EXPRESSION 1 (TOC1) likely act downstream of DNA methyltransferases to control circadian rhythm. Together, our findings support the notion that DNA methylation is important to maintain proper circadian pace in Arabidopsis, and further established that SDC links DNA hypomethylation with a proteolytic cascade to assist in tuning the circadian clock.