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A multiomic study uncovers a bZIP23-PER1A–mediated detoxification pathway to enhance seed vigor in rice
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Wang WQ, Xu DY, Sui YP, Ding XH, Song XJ*
PubYear : 2022
Volume : 119  Issue : 9
Publication Name : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Page number : e2026355119
Abstract : 

Seed vigor in crops is important in terms of improving grain quality and germplasm conservation; however, little is known about its regulatory mechanisms through the encoded proteome and gene network. Comparative analyses of transcriptome (RNA sequencing [RNA-seq]) and broadly targeted metabolic profiling of two subspecific rice cultivars with distinct seed vigor during accelerated aging revealed various biological pathways and metabolic processes as key influences explaining trait differences. RNA-seq coexpression regulatory network analyses identified several transcription factors, including bZIP23 and bZIP42, that act as nodes in the gene network. Importantly, transgenic seeds of overexpression of bZIP23 enhanced seed vigor, whereas its gene knockout reduced seed vigor, suggesting that the protein it encodes functions as a positive regulator. Similarly, overexpression and knockout of PER1A that encodes a key player in the detoxification pathway enhanced and decreased seed vigor, respectively. We further demonstrated a direct interaction of the PER1A promoter with bZIP23 in seeds, which activates the expression of PER1A, and the genetic evidence suggested that bZIP23 most likely functions in a common pathway with and acts upstream of PER1A to modulate seed vigor. In addition, the control of seed vigor by the bZIP23-PER1A module was connected with that of the abscisic acid signaling pathway. Collectively, we revealed the genetic architecture of variation in seed vigor and uncovered the bZIP23-PER1A–mediated detoxification pathway that enhances the trait in rice.

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