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Petal development and elaboration
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Fu XH, Shan HY, Yao X, Cheng J, Jiang YC, Yin XF, Kong HZ*
PubYear : 2022
Volume :   Issue : 
Publication Name : Journal of Experimental Botany
Page number : DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erac092
Abstract : 

Petals can be simple or elaborate, depending on whether they have complex basic structures and/or highly specialized epidermal modifications. It has been proposed that the independent origin and diversification of elaborate petals have promoted plant-animal interactions and, therefore, the evolutionary radiation of corresponding plant groups. Recent advances in floral development and evolution have greatly improved our understanding of the processes, patterns and mechanisms underlying petal elaboration. In this review, we compare the developmental processes of simple and elaborate petals, concluding that elaborate petals can be achieved through four main ways of modifications (i.e., marginal elaboration, ventral elaboration, dorsal elaboration and surface elaboration). Meanwhile, although different types of elaborate petals were made through different ways of modifications, they are all results of changes in the expression patterns of genes involved in organ polarity establishment and/or the proliferation, expansion and differentiation of cells. Deployment of existing genetic materials to a new function was also shown to be a key to the making of elaborate petals during evolution.

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