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The PIF1/PIF3-MED25-HDA19 transcriptional repression complex regulates phytochrome signaling in Arabidopsis
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Guo Q, Jing YJ*, Gao Y, Liu YT, Fang XF, Lin RC*
PubYear : 2023
Volume :   Issue : 
Publication Name : New Phytologist
Page number : DOI:10.1111/nph.19205
Abstract : 

Light signals are perceived by photoreceptors, triggering the contrasting developmental transition in dark-germinated seedlings. Phytochrome-interacting factors (PIFs) are key regulators of this transition. Despite their prominent functions in transcriptional activation, little is known about PIFs' roles in transcriptional repression.

Here, we provide evidence that histone acetylation is involved in regulating phytochrome-PIFs signaling in Arabidopsis.

The histone deacetylase HDA19 interacts and forms a complex with PIF1 and PIF3 and the Mediator subunit MED25. The med25/hda19 double mutant mimics and enhances the phenotype of pif1/pif3 in both light and darkness. HDA19 and MED25 are recruited by PIF1/PIF3 to the target loci to reduce histone acetylation and chromatin accessibility, providing a mechanism for PIF1/PIF3-mediated transcriptional repression. Furthermore, MED25 forms liquid-like condensates, which can compartmentalize PIF1/PIF3 and HDA19 in vitro and in vivo, and the number of MED25 puncta increases in darkness.

Collectively, our study establishes a mechanism wherein PIF1/PIF3 interact with HDA19 and MED25 to mediate transcriptional repression in the phytochrome signaling pathway and suggests that condensate formation with Mediator may explain the distinct and specific transcriptional activity of PIF proteins.

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